Exceptions to copyright, what can and can't be copied, how much can be copied, what can be scanned and who can scan.
Under copyright law, in order to copy or scan a work, you need to seek permission from the copyright owner. However, this may not be necessary, because of certain exceptions to copyright and permissions under our Copyright Licensing Agency (CLA) licence. We will look at these in turn.
You can copy limited extracts of works for these purposes, as long as this constitutes fair dealing (see below). A test to apply is whether your use of the work might have a significant financial impact on the copyright owner.
As a researcher, you can make copies to carry out text and data analysis for your research. A subscription would be still be required in order to access the material, however.
Please see Copyright for lecturers.
This covers all disabilities, both physical and mental.
Braille, audio visual, large print and accessible copies of books and other printed materials may be made by educational establishments, to assist visually impaired and dyslexic users. However, these must be made from lawfully accessed copies, for the personal use of a disabled person, by authorized bodies.
If using one of the exceptions to copy work, you must acknowledge the source being used.
This is a term used to establish whether use of copyright material is lawful or infringes copyright. There is no precise definition of it, but a question to ask is “how would a fair-minded and honest person have dealt with the work?” Key factors used by courts in determining what is fair include:
deciding if the amount copied is reasonable, appropriate and necessary. Copying a large part of a work will almost certainly not be deemed to be fair.